APRON: Moulding applied immediately below the stool /sill of windows or wall caps
ASTRAGAL: An interior moulding attached to one of a pair of doors or sash to prevent swing through, also a small moulding or bead encircling a column or post below the capital of cap.
BACKBAND: A narrow rabbited moulding applied to the outside edges of interior window and door casing to create a larger moulding appearance. Useful when using a thicker chair or baseboard.
BALUSTER: Square or turned spindle like vertical stair member supporting the stair rail
BALUSTRADE: A railing consisting of a series of balusters resting on a base and supporting a continuous hand rail.
BASEBOARDS: Baseboards run along the wall at the floor. Baseboards should be chosen to work in harmony with your casings to finish and tie the room together. Baseboards are usually thinner than the casing.
BASE SHOES: Base shoes are primarily used to trim flooring materials and are often used in combination with a traditional baseboard to conceal variations between the flooring and the base. However, this versatile profile works great to solve numerous trimming needs.
BEADED CEILING: A popular profile used often as wainscot paneling. Combined with a chair rail or capmould and a baseboard, beaded ceiling makes a distinctive wainscot package.
BRICKMOULDS: Brickmoulds are used as exterior casing around doors. 2” is the most common size however, it is available in 1-1/2 and 2-1/4 inch sizes.
BUILD-UPS: Combining two or more moulding profiles to create a new or custom look . Also called stacking, build-ups make it easy to create the look of custom made trimwork without the high cost.
BULLNOSE: A term used to describe the eased edges of trim and stops. A single bull nose stop would have one eased edge and a square edge back. A double bull nose stop would have two eased edges.
CASED OPENING: An interior opening without a door that is finished with jambs and trim
CASEWORK: All the parts that constitute a finished case or cabinet, inclusive of the doors, drawers or shelves
CASING: Casings define the overall character of a room and are often the most visible part of the trim. Casings are used primarily to cover the gap between drywall and the door or window frame. Casings are generally thicker than the base mouldings.
CEILING TRIM: Ceiling trims can be designed from panel moulds or chair rails run around the perimeter of the side walls in many different layouts.
CHAIR RAILS: Chair rails have a decorative and practical function. Applied to a wall anywhere from 24 to 48 inches from the floor, they are a beautiful accent to the room, while also protecting the wall from scuffs and dents from the backs of chairs.
COFFERED CEILING: Usually refer to a grid-work of beams with crown moulding. They can be any size and design, limited only by your imagination. Coffered ceilings add a refining touch to a room that cannot be imitated.
COPED JOINT: A joint at the meeting of moulding members
CORNERMOULDING: This profile is used to protect outside edges from damage and abrasion. Outside corners come in a variety of sizes and detail.
COVEMOULDING: This profile has a wide range of uses, it is most commonly used to soften the transition on inside corners. A concave profile
CROWNS: Crowns usually run along the wall at the ceiling. Crowns come in a wide range of sizes and patterns. Crowns soften the transition from wall to ceiling while adding a distinctive look and charm to most rooms.
DADO: A rectangular groove cut across the grain of the wood member
DENTIL: A moulding pattern with a series of closely spaced rectangular blocks and spaces. Used especially in classic architecture.
FINISH BOARDS: Finish boards come in either S4S (surfaced four sides) or S3S (surfaced three sides) and are used for a multitude of purposes including shelving, window liner, bases, casing, etc.
FULL ROUNDS: Full rounds are used for numerous purposes and projects. Some of the more common uses are closet poles, curtain rods and towel rods.
HALF ROUNDS: A cross section of this profile looks like a half circle and is used primarily as decorative trim. It works well as a trim piece for wall paper or to add a decorative pattern to flat panels. This profile can also be used to put a rounded edge on 3/4” shelving.
HANDRAILS: Handrails provide safety and support while going up or down stairs.
LATTICE: Lattice strips are thin pieces of flat moulding that come in several widths and are used for a multitude of uses. Among the most common uses are to hide seams, edge trim, etc.
MITRE JOINT: the joining of two members at an angle that bisects the angle of junction
MDF: MEDIUM-DENSITY-FIBREBOARD: A panel manufactured from fibres that is used in casework for built-ins, closet shelving and capboards.
NEWEL: The main post at the start of a stair rail and at the intersection of the rails at landings and balconies. A Newel Post
PANELMOULDS: Panelmoulds are used to frame wall paneling and add a decorative element to this type of application. Panelmoulds also add accent to walls.
PILASTER: A rectangular, circular, or semi-circular member used as a simulated column in entrances, doorways, mantles, etc., usually contains a base, shaft and capital
PLINTH BLOCK: A base block used at the intersection of the baseboard and vertical trim of a doorway or cased opening
QUARTER ROUNDS: Quarter rounds come in several sizes and serve a variety of functions but are most often used to finish inside corners.
RETURN: Term used to indicate the method of carrying a mouldings detail from the front of the moulding back to the wall. Generally a 45 degree cut is made to the front of the long moulding and an opposite 45 is cut on a small piece to carry the detail to the wall.
ROSETTE: A block used at the corners of casings
ROUGH OPENING: The opening formed by the framing members
SCRIBING: Drawing a line parallel with an existing surface; fitting millwork to an irregular surface
SCREENMOULD: A very versatile profile; screenmould fits a wide variety of needs and uses. Traditionally used to hold mesh screening into woodscreens, it also works well as edge trim on 3/4” shelving or wood trim for wall paper etc.
SHOE: A small moulding applied at the base of various members of a structure, usually baseboard
SQUARES AND PARTING BEADS: Another group of versatile profiles, squares and parting beads are used in a wide range of applications. Among the many uses of these profiles are to fill gaps, transition heights, etc. This profile is also used in numerous craft projects.
STILE: The upright or vertical outside pieces of a sash or door
STOPS: Stops are used in door and window applications to “stop” the door or window. Stops come in a wide range of widths in single bullnose (one eased edge) or double bullnose (two eased edges).
TOE KICK: A recessed space at the base of a kitchen / bath cabinet
WAINSCOTING: Trimwork installed in the area below a chair rail. Numerous options are available including raised panel, shadow box and beaded ceiling. Combined with a chair rail and baseboard wainscoting creates a dramatic look to any room.
WINDOWCASING: Trim that borders the edges of a window frame. Casings define the overall character of the room and are often the most visible part of the trim.
WINDOW STOOL: The surface installed below the sash of a window. Also called window sill. Trim installed under window stool creates a distinctive look and adds a decorators touch